History Wars: The Cold War after World War II

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the Cold War
Amstong, first man on the moon (img src: thetimes.co.uk)

After the defeat of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II in 1945, there were two major forces in the world. Two forces that are block West (the United States, and the state of his friend, the UK, France joined in the NATO / North Atlantic Threaty Organization) and the Eastern bloc, or the Communist bloc (the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact countries in the best friend). Competition is two blocks cause tension. They compete in the field of ideology, economic, and military. Conflicts may occur and bring nuclear war. They do the arms race. They do not deal in military warfare. Nuclear use could be of mass destruction in the world. This tension is called the cold war (proxy war). The term was first dipopolerkan by a journalist, Walter Lippmann in 1947 to describe the conflict. The conflict lasted for half a century.
The conflict stems from ideological differences. America and its allies adopts liberal. Political and economic life conducted democratically. Individual ownership rights are protected by the state. Society to live freely and comfortably. While the Soviet Union adopts the communists. Political and economic life centered on the government. Closed community life from outside influences. They were lulled into the belief the government, that they have done something worthwhile for the country. Individual ownership is prohibited. It is up to the government. It was proof of loyalty to the communist.
The most critical phase and potentially dangerous of the Cold War is that between the fifties and seventies. The struggle for world domination through several stages, is also characterized by severe stress (Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962) and the war 'hot', as happened in Korea (1950-1953) and in Vietnam (completed in 1975). Germany is also divided into two parts, West Germany and East Germany.
West Germany in the American influence. East Germany under communist influence. The Berlin Wall is a wall separating the two countries brothers. It's very touching. Families should be scattered as a result of this conflict. Their lives are very different. There are missed by his brother officers had to face the risk of being shot when trying to cross the Berlin Wall.
Two blocks also race in space. It was to demonstrate superiority in the world. After the Soviets managed to traverse space, Americans responded. They set foot on the moon. It was recorded in history. Neil Armstrong was the first man landed on the moon.
Tensions began to expire approaching the 1990s. It happened because the reforms in the Soviet Union by Mikhail Gorbachev. Glasnost and perestroika allow renewal in politics. Glasnost allows satellite state of the Soviet Union knew that their life is very poor. As a result of these countries escape. The cold war ended symbolically with the fall of the Berlin Wall (1989) and the dissolution of the Soviet Union (1991). Now, the United States and its allies into a superpower in the world. []

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